Nagorno-Karabakh is historically an Armenian part of the Caucasus region which until 1991 was part of the Soviet Union Communist empire.
It is quite mountainous and forested. As a result of the Soviet Union’s manipulation of ethnic distributions through various resettlement policies – to weaken the states that made up the Soviet Union – Nagorno-Karabakh became surrounded by the Soviet state of Azerbaijan, and thus separated from the Soviet state of Armenia. Following the collapse of the Soviet Union, Armenia and Azerbaijan went to war over the region, with the newly independent Azerbaijan state claiming possession over Nagorno-Karabakh by virtue of the fact that it surrounded the state. The newly independent state of Armenia sought reunification with Nagorno-Karabakh by establishing a conduit that would make a contiguous state of Armenia and Nagorno-Karabakh.
Have you walked my valleys?
The trees on my hills are full of the soft juice of life
The leaves on my trees are full of the memories of strife
The dew drops on my leaves are the tears of my nation
I am Armenia
Have you prayed at my ancient churches?
The stones of my walls are full of the living resolve
The tombs of my ancestors into the dust of time dissolve
The echoes in vaulted chambers are the songs of my nation
I am Armenia
Have you sat under my vast brooding sky?
The clouds above my mountains are the prayers of the past
The air you can breathe there is of the strongest souls cast
The ambiance is as of iron and steel, the sinews of my nation
I am Armenia
Have you been to Nagorno Karabach?
Long is the road to Ararat, the road to Stepanakert longer still
But the leaves under the sky sing my name in the wind of each hill
And the churches are the mountains of my nation
I am Armenia – and my name is Nagorno Karabach.
As a result of the Nagorno-Karabakh War, Armenia lost about 6,000 people and suffered 25,000 wounded and Azerbaijan lost between 25,000 and 30,000 people with about 60,000 wounded. Azerbaijan had help in the war in the from of volunteers from Afghanistan and volunteers from Chechnya. Armenians were the only nationals who fought on the Armenia and Nagorno-Karabakh side. Armenia and Nagorno-Karabakh are half the size of Azerbaijan in both geography and population, so the losses were more or less proportional on both sides in percentages of population. As a further consequence of the war countless of people were displaced and missing on both sides.
The Nagorno-Karabakh War ended in 1994 with the Armenian nation-state securing de facto, geographic, military and political control over Nagorno-Karabakh along with a conduit that now connects the two sides of the Armenian nation state. The state of Azerbaijan was successful in preventing the international community from recognizing this state of affairs as legitimate. Given that Nagorno-Karabakh has always been Armenian since quite literally the dawn of recorded history – the Azerbaijani position is a farce meant to secure the gains of the Soviet era.
February 22, 2012 – Konrad Tademar